Quality

Purchasing a new water treatment system can be a tough decision. Your water use establishes the required levels of purity.

 

Water Treatment

You need to know what is in the water before you can determine which treatment processes to employ. We will help you evaluate your water and recommend a water treatment system that is based specifically on your application, volume requirements and budget.

The daunting task of choosing the correct water treatment system can be confusing and technically overwhelming. We have years of experience in this area and are here to help you make the correct choice. The matching of water treatment methodology with the level of mineral removal is keyed by the final water quality and quantity

 

Water Sampling

quality02In Nova Scotia, private water supply owners, referring to all individual sources that supply a house or family, are not required by legislation to test their water. However, it is recommended that people on their own water should test for bacteria every six months and for chemicals every one or two years. Although sampling your well water for laboratory analysis is a relatively simple task, several steps must be taken to ensure accurate results. What to do:

1. Determine which parameters you want to test for. Local labs offer individual mineral analysis or you can pick a suite of minerals to be tested.

2. Contact a certified laboratory to request sample bottles based on your sampling requirements.

3. Choose a day to sample. The best days to sample are Monday or Tuesday, as this allows time for shipping and testing at the lab before the weekend. The sample will need to be delivered to the lab the same day it is collected. Strictly speaking, the sample should be at the lab within 24 hours of collection. For best results, refridgerate samples after collection, but do not allow them to freeze.

4. Choose a location to sample your water. If you don’t have any water treatment devices, such as a water softener or a reverse osmosis filter, take the sample from a cold water tap where you get your drinking water, usually the kitchen faucet. If possible, choose a non-leaking, non-swivel, non-mixing faucet.

If you do have treatment devices on your water system, you need to decide what you want to test. Do you want to know about your source water quality or the water you are actually drinking? A water softener will replace some of the calcium and magnesium in your water with sodium and/or potassium. A filtration system will remove some of the nuiscance minerals from your water. If you want to sample what you are using, simply get the sample from the tap you get drinking water from. If you want to sample your source water, locate a faucet which is attached to the water line before the treatment system. A sampling faucet can be located on the pressure or storage tank, which is part of the pumping system.

5. Remove any faucet attachments and aeration screens and disinfect the mouth and neck of the faucet with rubbing alcohol or bleach.

6. Turn on the cold water and let it run to waste for 5 to 7 minutes to flush the water out of the pipes. Turn the faucet down to a pencil size stream of water and fill sample bottle(s). To prevent contamination of your sample, wash your hands before sampling and do not touch the inside of the bottle or lid.

7. Ship your samples to the lab the same day. Fill out any necessary chain of custody paperwork and send along with your samples. Include your name, dateand time, address, sample location and a detailed listing of analysis work to be performed.

You are responsible for ongoing monitoring of your well water quality. The bacterial quality should be checked every six months. The chemical quality should be checke every year, or earlier if you notice any change, such as increased turbidity, staining, or hardness, or a change in taste or odor. The parameters to be analyzed should reflect your original water test. Frequent testing checks the integrity of your well, lets you know if corrective measures are required, and warns you if another activity is having an impact on your well.

Here are some Dos and Don'ts to keep in mind.

DO construct a well before you build.
DO hire a certified water well contractor and inquire about his reputation and qualifications.
DO require a written contract, but don't try to be a superintendent over the contractor. He knows his job and his judgement can be trusted.
DO hire a certified pump installer and ensure that a pitless adaptor is used in new installations.
DO check bacterial and chemical quality regularly.

DON'T take an individual's word that an ample supply of water will be available from a well without obtaining existing information from your local Nova Scotia Environment office and a reputable well contractor.
DON'T compare contractors' abilities and proposals merely on the per meter (per foot) prices they charge. A cheap well may mean poor materials and workmanship and may prove costly at a later date.
DON'T locate a well too close to sources of contamination. Check regulatory distances with your local Nova Scotia Environment office.

Department of Environment keeps a detailed list of qualified labs in Nova Scotia.

Click here for the list.

NS Gov. Water Labs