"The Dual Sex Political System in Operation: 1960 Women and Community Politics in Midwestern Nigeria." The Personal, Political, and Professional Life of Sandra Bem, Factors Affecting Female Students' Career Choices and Aspirations: A Zimbabwean Example. In its absence, the patriarchy views the female to be as pure as a virgin and fit for the habitation of the deity in the form of, for example, votary maids, adolescent girls dedicated to certain deities until the age of marriage. Boys' knew more about male stereotypes than female stereotypes, whereas girls knew considerably more than boys about the female role and as much as boys about the male role. Consequently, to perceive and pursue as a separate field the study of gender in African religious traditions would be misguided. On the one hand, Article 31 (1) and Article 3 3 clearly state that there is no difference between husband and wife with respect to their basic rights such as love; respect, or fidelity. Mm' ifonke mendiyak, abang okubomo ikim okuwaha utong'. Osun Across the Waters: A Yoruba Goddess in Africa and the Americas. Using the national dataset 2007 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, we analyzed data via multinomial logistic regression, observing several important results. Maryknoll, N.Y., 1992. Traditionality of parental attitudes regarding child-rearing and maternal employment were not strongly related to children's gender cognition. Kaplan, Flora Edouwaye S., ed. Thus, there is a need to separate these two realms of power to avert a clash; this is particularly true of the Yoruba belief system. Furthermore, the ambivalence marking African expectations and assumptions for female status become evident. Lagos, Nigeria, 1992. Fiction has also used its images to suggest acceptable legal principles, rules and regulations that can be emulated when Africans negotiate property rights among themselves. The movement of practitioners of Yoruba religion travels both ways between the continent and the diaspora. It briefly shows some of the many ways in which culture can influence the response to epidemics and assesses the variety of approaches which have been developed to take those implications into account. 210–238. Adopting the “interspace” of abjection allows hegemonic masculinity to become everything and nothing at the same time and is a “dangerous” strategy that must be denied at all costs. The data collected is analysed using Critical Feminist Theory and manifests a number of nuanced, complex relationships centring on power, culture and gender which together serve to sustain and institutionalise certain cultural practices that impact negatively on the reproductive rights of Nigerian women. 'The Sons Who Sell their Mothers' and 'The Devouring Calabash': Two Recurring Gender Myths in Western and Southern African Tales." during midlife (ages 40-49). centres, while the changes brought about by Western influences bear on practically every aspect of people's lives. Gender and Religion: Gender and African Religious Traditions In African indigenous religions, then, menstrual blood evokes joy and yet instills limitation. A popular stereotype of Arab-American women portrays diem as Islamic traditionalists - veiled and secluded within the home, yet few empirical studies document the effects of Islam on Arab-American women's attitudes and behaviors. In this paper I have three main objectives. In Women in Africa, edited by J. Hafikin and Edna G. Bay, pp. All rights reserved. They found it a lonely and a difficult task. Considers the dynamism that attends women's roles in Yoruba religion and implications for the continuous reshaping of religious traditions among the Yoruba people. Second, there arose the need to differentiate African conceptions and construction of gender from gender construction in other cultures. Lagos, Nigeria, 1998. Washington, D.C., 1987. Gender thus presents itself in every sector of a culture's experience of everyday life and philosophy of life. Later, Bumba vomited the moon, stars, animals, and last of all, humans (Eliade, 1967). The Invention of Women: Making an African Sense of Western Gender Discourses. The sixteen male divinities ignored Osun and excluded her from all decisions. law, the Marriage Law of 1974 as well as civil and criminal law. "Culture and Customs of Uganda" is a fascinating overview of the current state of Ugandan society, where largely rural ethnic groups are experiencing the pull of urban, This study examines the impact of religion on the gender role attitudes of Arab-American women, members of an ethnic group comprised of Christians and Muslims. A hundred years ago, or even a lot less, these different perspectives did not exist, as they were often considered unimportant, as King noted 'until recently little attention has been paid to gender differences and their impact on religious teaching and practice. Okonjo, Kemene. thesis, in that religiosity elevates the mental health of racial/ethnic minority individuals more than that of Whites. Translated by Mary Jo Lakeland. Edinburgh, 1991. I Could Speak Till Tomorrow: Oriki, Women, and the Past in a Yoruba Town. Weems, J. Renita. Washington, D.C., 1987. 73–87. The findings of the research show that intermarriage, education, peer group influence, Western religious cultures, socioeconomic conditions, etc., have necessitated the reconsideration of stereotypical views on marriage in Efik culture. Crumbley, Deidre. You can request the full-text of this article directly from the authors on ResearchGate. In a period when African education beyond certain limits was discouraged, they had neither access to proper training nor to primary sources other than traditions. The study concluded that there is a strong need for significant others, especially parents and teachers, to help girls and females by deconstructing the gender-role stereotypes or perceptions of roles society considers appropriate for girls or boys. Culture refers to the "learned and ideational aspects of human society" (Jenks 1993: 9). Daughters of Anowa: African Women and Patriarchy. These female roles exemplify the African notion of interdependency, mutuality, and compassion of gender relations. The article argues that the author of the novel adopts a moderate ideological stance that recognises some aspects of traditional customary law as important and rejects other aspects viewed as extreme. In Stony the Road We Trod: African American Biblical Interpretation, edited by Cain Hope Felder, pp. Maryknoll, N.Y., 1992. The Yoruba cosmological myth states that Olodumare (God) sent seventeen primordial divinities to earth at the beginning of time, Osun being the only female among them. Ibadan, Nigeria, 2001. Titles among the Yoruba of Nigeria include the Iya Addini (woman leader) and Otun Addini (assistant to the woman leader). Indeed, the state in which Osogbo is located is named after her. "Jesus Christ and the Liberation of Women in Africa." Albany, N.Y., 2003. An attempt to forge a link on Yoruba religion between the diaspora and the African continent with a particular focus on Osun. The central argument of this article is that since culture and religion are socially constructed, the manner in which they define gender roles in Africa can be challenged. This article examines the gender dynamics embedded in South African football. Though usually associated with the intellectual lineage that runs from Cheikh Anta Diop (192…, ••• Religious Interpretations, Gender Discrimination and Politics in Africa: Case Study of Nigeria Chidiebere James Onwutuebe Department of International Relations, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. This paper discusses such an issue to allow women to get equaliry before the law and highlights its contribution to domestic violence.There are two contradictory stipulations with respect to the Marriage Law of 1974: equality in marriage and gender division of labour within marriage. One implication of this is that there should be a roughly normal distribution of moral skills. Davis, Angela. Culture, religion and gender are problematic terminologies that merit analysis within the context of how these are used in some African communities to justify the oppression of women. 2 (2002): 136–166. Furthermore, African religions view women as predominant participants in spirit possession. In general, interdependency and mutual sustenance mark African gender relations. This paper examines what marriage may have meant to African men within the Christian elite of Southern Rhodesia. Gender relations often manifest themselves as a cultural fluidity corresponding to a ritual domain of indigenous religions. If she is no longer good for you bring her back. Works by scholars on gender in African religious traditions give a prime importance to ritual and the fluidity of African gender construction. Boddy, J. Wombs and Alien Spirits: Women, Men and the Zaar Cult in Northern Sudan. Articles therein present pertinent issues that proffer serious theoretical reviews for Christianity in Africa. Widespread cultural acceptance of male superiority; male child preference and the custom of paying bride price remain persistent practices which continue to create a strictly gendered hierarchical social order which diminishes the reproductive rights of Nigerian women in the UK. The aim of this article is to explore how the contentious issues of culture and religion remain sources of gender inequality and oppression for most women in Africa. . Mbiti, John. Nonetheless, publications by African female scholars on gender are increasing, which explains the significant impact such works have had on the study of African religious traditions. Mbiti, John. This exposure is particularly true of Yoruba religion, which can boast of adherents in every continent of the world. Missionaries who introduced Christianity to Africa relegated women to the domestic domain, a division entrenched in biblical interpretations. Minneapolis, 1991. Religious participation appears to provide the basic elements of deliberate “moral practice.” Empirical evidence is reviewed supporting the notion that religion provides the means and opportunity for the acquisition of moral expertise. To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the author. This is the essential reference source to turn to for solid insight into Uganda. Such innovative research contributes to African scholarship by advocating cooperation among practitioners of diasporic and continental African religions. Appreciation for her care is demonstrated yearly in an elaborate festival that attracts devotees from within and outside Nigeria (Olupona, 2000). Religion has been around for thousands of years, when religion first started our world was different. In this article, the concept of "gender" shall be taken to mean roles that are ascribed to men and women. Hinga, M. Teresa. Of diasporic and continental African religions a link on Yoruba religion and gender, providing useful theoretical background African of... In spirit possession, article on women and the liberal school point to conceptual limitations and the liberal reluctance confront... 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