If you have a throat damper, you can tell if it is closed if you see a barrier above your head. As the name implies, rotary damper work on a rotating system, with long, screw-like rods that move the damper. The only time you want to keep the damper open more than one-fourth of the way is if you are starting a fire or need more flames and heat. Reduce the damper to between one-fourth and halfway open to maintain heat for a larger home. A more robust solution for air distribution is a forced-air fan that will blow the hot … Do I need a damper on my wood burning stove? Installing a wood burning stove means you will need stovepipe. Determine which position is open and which closes the damper for your particular stove. If the fire is still blazing, then you adjust the damper to two-thirds closed. The smaller the opening, the more smoldering and less fire you will have. Alternately, a manually operated damper can be installed on the pipe near the stove. It would be best if you did not close the damper or leave a blazing fire unattended in a furnace. Air inlet, not prewarmed, reduces combustion 2. Optimal temperatures vary by house. Reloading & Overnight Burning Anytime you open the loading door to add more wood to the firebox you must first position both the bypass handle and damper lever down before you open the door. Stove pipes, or chimney connectors, can be either single or double walled. Closing the damper will reduce the intensity of the fire, but it will also increase the efficiency of the fire. According to Northeastern Chimney, you should keep the wood stove damper open when there is a fire in the fireplace. Besides, do you need a barometric damper on a wood stove? If you have a stove with porcelain enamel cladding, the enamel may darken as it heats up, then return to its original color as it cools (the bordeaux enamel from Vermont Castings, for example, darkens to a particularly vibrant deep red when the stove is going). Open the fireplace damper all the way when starting a fire. Vermont Castings Wooden Fallaway Handle Assembly (Black Wood with Brushed Nickel Nub) … He spent more than 15 years as a third-generation tile and stone contractor before transitioning into freelance writing. Only close the damper when the fire is extinguished, and you want the room to remain heated. Primary combustion chamber 3. • Pivot damper. They will be able to assess if your wood stove damper or wood stove flue needs to be repaired or replaced. This will allow air to move freely in the fireplace and for smoke to escape to the outside. 79. After the fire has started, close the damper as far as possible without causing smoke to back up into the room. If you can see up into the flue, the damper is open. A damper is a movable metal plate designed to inhibit the flow of smoke and gases. So if you're wondering if you need to keep your wood burner vents open or closed, they should be open. Kindling splitters are handy tools to cut kindling quickly. Orient yourself with the damper handle on the outside of your flue pipe or the exterior of your stove. By creating an account you agree to the Hunker, My Chimney: How to Control a Fireplace Damper. Some handles push in and pull out, others turn clockwise or counter-clockwise, and some slide from side to side. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. According to Ace Chimney Sweeps, when the damper is closed, it controls how much air is coming out of the chimney. A cable running down the chimney to the firebox allows you to open and close the damper. The Ashley wood burning stove is known for being one of the first wood stoves with a thermostatic damper. Don’t ever try to clean a wood stove while it has a fire in it, is still hot, … According to Northeastern Chimney, this also creates a downdraft. Keeping your damper working properly is important. How to Use a Wood-Burning Stove in a Two-Story House, How to Improve the Heat Output of a Pellet Stove, WoodHeat.org: We Can Help You Burn Wood Better, How to Make a Wood Stove Heat More Efficiently, Things to Watch for With a Wood Burning Stove, How to Compare Hydronic Wood Fired Boilers. 4. How To Install Wood Stove Pipe Through Wall. His has been published online through GTV Magazine, Home Anatomy, TravBuddy, MMO Hub, Killer Guides and the Delegate2 group. 3. Placing kindling on top of a small base of rolled newspaper is recommended to get the fire started, then add the larger pieces of wood. This allows maximum airflow into the firebox, helping the flames from your newspaper or starter log to burn sufficiently to set the wood afire. Let the fire burn for a few minutes then adjust the damper so that it is partially closed (about half way) to see how it affects the fire. By opening and closing the damper, you can exert some level of control regarding to how fast and hot a fire burns. Using a flashlight, poke your head inside the fireplace to look up into the chimney. Not only can it be a fire hazard, but you can also become susceptible to carbon monoxide poisoning. The damper retains heat that escapes up the chimney or flue. If you keep the damper open, the fire will build and the smoke and soot will vent through your chimney. To start a fire, you must have the damper in the full-open position. This keeps smoke and air flowing through the firebox and out the chimney. This controls airflow into the firebox after you close the doors. A damper should always be fully opened when starting a fire or adding wood to the stove, allowing the firebox to draw the most air. Step 1 . Older stove on left: 1. Even high heat can cause your damper to warp over some time. All stove pipe above or below your Draft Regulator must be 24-gauge or heavier to provide adequate support. ... take advantage of the damper at the top of the wood stove which regulates air intake. It allows this heat to dissipate into the area being heated by the woodstove. Flue dampers can therefore typically be opened and closed by turning the damper controls either to … Break dry twigs into smaller pieces. Build the fire and light it. Pre-warming chamber heats combustion air 2. By closing the damper, it will reduce the oxygen levels in the chimney, and you'll have a longer fire. 2. Step 2. Top dampers fit more tightly than most throat dampers. This will allow good draft to be established and prevent smoke from leaking out of the door. Make sure the damper is fully open. Individual stoves vary. $12.79 $ 12. Here are our top tips on how to use a wood-burning stove: ... Keep the Controls Open. When air comes through, the wood stove damper controls how quickly your fire will burn. If one is broken the door can come out of the tabs and not close right. … Turn the dampers or knobs on the front of the stove counterclockwise until they're fully open. This damper should not obstruct more than 80 percent of the pipe area. This is to allow the fire to become established. Orient yourself with the damper handle on the outside of your flue pipe or the exterior of your stove. A wood stove flue is an internal shaft or duct for smoke and waste gases that are produced by fire, a gas heater, a power station or another type of fuel-burning mechanism. It is important to periodically check your wood stove damper. FREE Shipping. Close the damper about two-thirds of the way as the fire begins to catch and coals start to form. Close the damper until nearly shut for overnight or maintenance fires, such as when you go out to the supermarket. According to Northeastern Chimney, a fire needs oxygen to ignite. Flue dampers can typically rotate 360 degrees in either direction, and so you can put the damper in a completely closed position, completely open position, or anywhere in between. As a rule, the "operating" mode for a damper is about one-fourth of the way open. I’ve explained below where the flue is located and what it looks like on both our wood burning and multi fuel stoves. If a manual damper (wood and coal stoves) is necessary, the Draft Regulator should be installed ABOVE and no closer than 18” from the manual damper, fig. As the chimney warms and the airflow increases, it pulls more heat upward and out of the chimney. Wood needs air to produce a good flame. There will be a “key” style device in your fireplace wall. Generally the appliance consists of a solid metal (usually cast iron or steel) closed firebox, often lined by fire brick, and one or more air controls (which can be manually or automatically operated depending upon the stove). First, get yourself a flue thеrmоmеtеr.This is the еаѕiеѕt wау fоr a bеginnеr tо obtain thе рrореr dаmреr ѕеttings.There аrе generally 2 tуреѕ of fluе thеrmоmеtеrs on the market. When refueling a burning stove, be sure to open the bypass damper so that the smoke in the firebox can escape. The first step is to open the draft registers and the flue damper fully. Tim Anderson has been freelance writing since 2007. Make sure your air intake system is on high for extra circulation. A wood-burning stove (or wood burner or log burner in the UK) is a heating appliance capable of burning wood fuel and wood-derived biomass fuel, such as sawdust bricks. I will expand on this in the article. That's why you must have a certified chimney sweep check out the damper periodically. You don't want to leave your wood stove damper fully open, though, because then the heated air will continue to escape, and your room won't get warm. You need to make sure that you have the wood stove damper periodically inspected and repaired in addition to knowing how to use it properly. 5. Finally, if the damper is missing, replace it with a top damper, so called because it installs at the top of the chimney. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Typically you do not as the current wood burning stoves are able to control the flow of air into the stove with air vents. Open the fuel door, slowly add wood in a north-south direction and close the door. Gases coole in the flue before they have a chance to fully combust, forming smoke and creosote Newer stove on right: 1. If moisture, rodents or other types of debris get into the flue, the interior of your chimney or other rust metal parts can be damaged. Installation and Usage Tips for a Wood Burning Stove. There are two tabs, one on each bottom corner of the damper door, that hold the damper door in place. 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